基于 winston 实现 Nest.js 应用日志服务

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实现 Nest.js 应用日志服务有很多选择,较为出名的有:Log4jswinstonPino

这次就以 winston 为例,记录一下如何实现 Nest.js 应用日志服务。本文参考了搜索引擎中许多教程与案例,如果觉得有任何问题可以留言与我交流。

引入 winston

相关依赖:winston、nest-winston、winston-daily-rotate-file

pnpm install winston nest-winston winston-daily-rotate-file

winston-daily-rotate-file 用于实现日志文件的定期归档。由于应用日志量一般都非常大,因此需要定期自动对日志文件进行轮换、归档与删除。

配置 winston

app.module.ts

import {
  // ...
  Module,
} from '@nestjs/common';
import { WinstonModule } from 'nest-winston';
import * as winston from 'winston';
import 'winston-daily-rotate-file';
// ...

@Module({
  controllers: [],
  imports: [
    // ...
    WinstonModule.forRoot({
      transports: [
        new winston.transports.DailyRotateFile({
          dirname: `logs`, // 日志保存的目录
          filename: '%DATE%.log', // 日志名称,占位符 %DATE% 取值为 datePattern 值。
          datePattern: 'YYYY-MM-DD', // 日志轮换的频率,此处表示每天。
          zippedArchive: true, // 是否通过压缩的方式归档被轮换的日志文件。
          maxSize: '20m', // 设置日志文件的最大大小,m 表示 mb 。
          maxFiles: '14d', // 保留日志文件的最大天数,此处表示自动删除超过 14 天的日志文件。
          // 记录时添加时间戳信息
          format: winston.format.combine(
            winston.format.timestamp({
            	format: 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss',
            }),
            winston.format.json(),
          ),
        }),
      ],
    }),
  ],
  // ...
})
export class AppModule { // ... }

在全局中间件、过滤器以及拦截器中记录日志

获取请求头信息的工具方法

getReqMainInfo.ts

import { Request } from 'express';

export const getReqMainInfo: (req: Request) => {
  [prop: string]: any;
} = req => {
  const { query, headers, url, method, body, connection } = req;

  // 获取 IP
  const xRealIp = headers['X-Real-IP'];
  const xForwardedFor = headers['X-Forwarded-For'];
  const { ip: cIp } = req;
  const { remoteAddress } = connection || {};
  const ip = xRealIp || xForwardedFor || cIp || remoteAddress;

  return {
    url,
    host: headers.host,
    ip,
    method,
    query,
    body,
  };
};

在全局中间件中记录日志

logger.middleware.ts

import { Inject, Injectable, NestMiddleware } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Request, Response, NextFunction } from 'express';
import { WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER } from 'nest-winston';
import { Logger } from 'winston';
import { getReqMainInfo } from '../../utils/getReqMainInfo';

@Injectable()
export default class LoggerMiddleware implements NestMiddleware {
  // 注入日志服务相关依赖
  constructor(
    @Inject(WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER) private readonly logger: Logger,
  ) {}

  use(req: Request, res: Response, next: NextFunction) {
    // 获取请求信息
    const {
      query,
      headers: { host },
      url,
      method,
      body,
    } = req;

    // 记录日志
    this.logger.info('route', {
      req: getReqMainInfo(req),
    });

    next();
  }
}

在全局异常过滤器中记录日志

uinify-exception.filter.ts

import {
  ArgumentsHost,
  Catch,
  ExceptionFilter,
  HttpException,
  HttpStatus,
  Inject,
} from '@nestjs/common';
import { Response, Request } from 'express';
import { WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER } from 'nest-winston';
import { Logger } from 'winston';
import { getReqMainInfo } from '../../utils/getReqMainInfo';

@Catch()
export default class UnifyExceptionFilter implements ExceptionFilter {
  // 注入日志服务相关依赖
  constructor(
    @Inject(WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER) private readonly logger: Logger,
  ) {}

  catch(exception: HttpException, host: ArgumentsHost) {
    const ctx = host.switchToHttp(); // 获取当前执行上下文
    const res = ctx.getResponse<Response>(); // 获取响应对象
    const req = ctx.getRequest<Request>(); // 获取请求对象
    const status =
      exception instanceof HttpException
        ? exception.getStatus()
        : HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;

    const response = exception.getResponse();
    let msg =
      exception.message || (status >= 500 ? 'Service Error' : 'Client Error');
    if (Object.prototype.toString.call(response) === '[object Object]') {
      if (typeof response === 'string') {
        msg = response;
      }
    }
    const { query, headers, url, method, body } = req;

    // 记录日志(错误消息,错误码,请求信息等)
    this.logger.error(msg, {
      status,
      req: getReqMainInfo(req),
      // stack: exception.stack,
    });

    res.status(status >= 500 ? status : 200).json({ code: 1, msg });
  }
}

在响应拦截器中记录日志

unify-response.interceptor.ts

import {
  CallHandler,
  ExecutionContext,
  Inject,
  Injectable,
  NestInterceptor,
} from '@nestjs/common';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { Request } from 'express';
import { WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER } from 'nest-winston';
import { Logger } from 'winston';
import { getReqMainInfo } from '../../utils/getReqMainInfo';

@Injectable()
export class UnifyResponseInterceptor implements NestInterceptor {
  constructor(
    @Inject(WINSTON_MODULE_PROVIDER) private readonly logger: Logger,
  ) {}

  intercept(context: ExecutionContext, next: CallHandler): Observable<any> {
    const ctx = context.switchToHttp();
    const req = ctx.getRequest<Request>();

    return next.handle().pipe(
      map(data => {
        this.logger.info('response', {
          responseData: data,
          req: getReqMainInfo(req),
        });
        return {
          code: 0,
          data,
          msg: '成功',
        };
      }),
    );
  }
}

应用全局中间件、过滤器以及拦截器

app.module.ts

import {
  MiddlewareConsumer,
  Module,
  NestModule,
  RequestMethod,
} from '@nestjs/common';
import { APP_FILTER } from '@nestjs/core';
import { WinstonModule } from 'nest-winston';
import * as winston from 'winston';
import 'winston-daily-rotate-file';
import UnifyExceptionFilter from './common/uinify-exception.filter';
import logger from './common/logger.middleware';
// ...

@Module({
  // ...
  imports: [
    // ...
    WinstonModule.forRoot({
     // ...
    }),
  ],
  providers: [
    // ...
    // 应用全局过滤器
    {
      provide: APP_FILTER,
      useClass: UnifyExceptionFilter,
    },
    // 应用拦截器
    {
      provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
      useClass: UnifyResponseInterceptor,
    },
  ],
})
export class AppModule implements NestModule {
  // 应用全局中间件
  configure(consumer: MiddlewareConsumer) {
    consumer.apply(logger).forRoutes({ path: '*', method: RequestMethod.ALL });
  }
}

完成以上配置后,项目目录下就会包含访问及错误信息的日志文件。日志文件将每天自动归档压缩,超过 14 天的日志也将被自动删除。

引用

基于 Winston 实现 NestJS 应用日志服务
NestJS: Setting up file logging daily rotation with winston

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